A leaking ovarian cyst is one of the complications of an ovarian cyst. A leaking ovarian cyst can be dangerous depending on the circumstances. Most of the time, a leaking cyst is nothing to worry about. An ovarian cyst normally doesn’t produce any symptoms and resolves itself in two to three months. A leaking cyst can be part of the healing process. The leaking ovarian cyst may not produce any symptoms or the symptoms of ovarian cysts may even disappear.
The Dangers of A Leaking Ovarian Cyst
- Ovarian Cyst Rupture. A leaking ovarian cyst can be dangerous if it produces symptoms and it leaks substances that can be harmful to the ovaries and surrounding organs. A ruptured ovarian cyst can be preceded by a leaking cyst. When the cyst is about to burst, it can have leaks in order to relieve the pressure within the cyst. These leaks can also be the weak spots from where the cyst can burst from.
- Ovarian Infection and Injury. An ovarian cyst that leaks can also be dangerous depending on the types of cyst and what substances are leaking out of the cysts. Dermoid cysts, for example, are filled with greasy fluid. When released into the body through a leaking ovarian cyst, it can cause pain and increases the risk of ovarian infection.
- Bleeding Ovarian Cyst. When an ovarian cyst is close to a blood vessel, it can leak blood. A bloody leaking ovarian cyst can produce significant amount of pain and other complications. Small leaks can lead to blood clots which can block the flow of blood to the ovaries and other parts of the reproductive system. If the leak is too big, it can cause internal bleeding.
The only way to diagnose a leaking ovarian cyst is to through ultrasound. An ultrasound may be able to tell the type of ovarian cyst, how large it is, whether it’s leaking or about to burst. In order to identify the type of fluid leaking out of the cyst, a gynecologist would insert a needle through the rear wall of the vagina to retrieve some of the fluid. Laboratory tests on the fluid would help further identify the type of ovarian cyst, what the fluid is, and whether it’s safe or dangerous.
Treatment for a leaking ovarian cyst and its symptoms would depend on the size of the cyst and the type of ovarian cysts. Benign cysts that are too small to operate on, but produce symptoms like pain, bloating, or unusual hair growth are often treated by medication. Pain relievers are prescribed for the pain while birth control pills are given to shrink or stop the growth of the ovarian cysts.
Benign cysts that are 6 centimeters or more would have to be removed surgically. Laparoscopy or minimally invasive surgery is used for cysts larger than 6 centimeters, but less than 15 centimeters. Ovarian cysts larger than 15 centimeters would have to be removed using open surgery where the ovary and the fallopian tubes could be removed as well. This is to prevent infection and to remove all the parts affected by the fluid leak.
Leaking ovarian cysts that are cancerous are treated surgical by a total hysterectomy. A total hysterectomy is a procedure where the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the uterus are removed. This is done to ensure that the cancer is contained and will not spread to other parts of the body.
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