An ovarian cyst rupture is a dangerous complication of what is a normally benign disease. An ovarian cyst is considered benign by most doctors because it is often too small to cause any symptoms or affect a woman’s health and fertility. Most of the time, an ovarian cyst will spontaneously resolve in 8 to 12 weeks.
What causes an ovarian cyst rupture? An ovarian cyst rupture happens when a large enough cyst burst either on its own or due to external pressures. These external pressures can be
- an injury to the abdomen,
- pregnancy, or
- neighboring organs of the ovary exerting pressure on the cyst.
The symptoms of an ovarian cyst rupture often start to show the cyst is about to burst. Often times, an ovarian cyst rupture and its symptoms are the only way a woman would even be aware that she has an ovarian cyst.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cyst Rupture
The most common symptom of an ovarian cyst rupture include:
- severe pain in the abdomen
- vaginal spotting
- increase or decrease in blood pressure
- clammy skin
An ovarian cyst rupture is very dangerous because it makes a woman prone to infection and the rupture itself can cause significant internal bleeding and shock. Immediate medical attention is required in order to manage the symptoms and to treat the rupture itself. Without immediate treatment, the patient can die from internal bleeding or shock.
So is there a way to prevent an ovarian cyst rupture? The only way an ovarian cyst rupture can be prevented is if an ovarian cyst is diagnosed and removed before it grows any bigger. Unfortunately, most ovarian cysts don’t produce any symptoms or if they do, the symptoms are either too mild to cause alarm or they’re often mistaken for pregnancy. If an ovarian cyst is diagnosed, doctors would first monitor the growth of the cyst before choosing to remove it either through medication or surgery.
Treatment For Ruptured Ovarian Cysts
The only way to treat a ruptured ovarian cyst is to remove the cyst and the affected ovary surgically. There’s too much damage for it to be treated medically or through laparoscopy. All the affected organs and the fluid from the cyst have to be removed in order to prevent infection. Salpingo-oophorectomy is a surgical procedure often used to treat a ruptured cyst. It involves removing the cyst, ovary, and the fallopian tube.
Surgical treatment for ovarian cyst rupture also has serious complications. If both ovaries are affected, a woman can become infertile permanently. If only one ovary is affected a woman can still conceive, but it will be more difficult. There’s also the risk of post-surgical infections and there’s also the possibility that a woman’s menstrual period will become irregular. Her menstrual flow could become lighter and there still could be some vaginal bleeding or spotting not related to menstruation.
It doesn’t have to come to the point where you’ll experience a ruptured ovarian cyst or its symptoms. If you feel that’s something isn’t right about your body, go see your doctor and have a physical exam. Be conscious of what happening in your body and be aware of any changes. Being informed and taking charge of your health is your best defense against ovarian cyst rupture or any type of illness.
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